Category Archives: Female Genital Mutilation

Caliph Baghdadi Orders FGM for Females from 11 to 46 Years

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Little girl receiving female genital mutilation (circumcision)The leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham has asked all families around Iraq’s northern city of Mosul to circumcise their daughters or face severe punishment.

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the self-declared Islamic State, has ordered the female genital mutilation of two million Iraqi girls to “distance them from debauchery and immorality”.

The “fatwa” issued by the Sunni Muslim fighters would potentially affect four million women and girls, the UN resident and humanitarian coordinator in Iraq Jacqueline Badcock told reporters in Geneva by video from Irbil.

“This is something very new for Iraq, particularly in this area, and is of grave concern and does need to be addressed,” she said.

Speaking to BasNews, a spokesman for Mosul police, Ahmed Obaydi, said: “Baghdadi’s decision to have all women circumcised is, as he claims, to prevent immorality and promote Islamic attitudes among Muslims. The decision was made by Baghdadi as a ‘gift’ for people in Mosul.”

Read the rest: Islamic Leader in Iraq Orders FGM for Females.

HONOR KILLINGS HAVE SOURCE IN SHARIA LAW

Protesters with a banner that says "Sharia will Dominate the World"By Hasan Mahmud

Denial of sharia sources for honor killings and FGM has only given us the destruction of countless Muslim women and a bad name to Islam

I feel strongly offended to see how scores of articles and speeches on topics such as female genital mutilation (FGM) and honor killing often bypass the secondary Islamic documents supporting these issues. This attitude of denial has only given us the destruction of countless Muslim women and a bad name to Islam.

Records of the empires of Hammurabi, Assyria, Napoleon, Rome and more show that honor killing goes across culture, region and religion. Historically, a woman’s “chastity” is the property not of herself but her family. As this phenomenon now is dominant in Muslim societies, we should look into how sharia law impacts this brutal culture.

Family members of a girl or woman – mostly men — kill her for “bringing shame to the family” by not fulfilling their expectations of love, sex, clothing, behavior, intimacy, fidelity – including even a flirtation with men on Skype, Twitter, through SMS, etc. Even chatting on Facebook is prohibited, as declared by Sheikh Abdullah Al Mutlaq, a senior scholar in Saudi Arabia.

Let us look at real scenario. After the sister/daughter is killed, there are two sets of sharia law to apply:

Case A - “Punishment of intentional killing is death”. But, “A killer cannot be put to death if one or all heirs of the victim pardon/s him or take Blood Money”- Codified Islamic Law Vol 1 – 41, 44 (The Codified Islamic law is a three volume compilation from mainly Hanafi law written by six Islamic scholars and published by the Islamic Foundation, Bangladesh.)

As the family already lost the victim, they do not want to lose another one (the killer). So, the killer may be ordered to pay blood money to his own family. It is also quite natural that one or all of the heirs of the victim pardon/s the killer. Politically and financially powerful killers in Muslim countries can easily force the victim’s poor helpless family to take the blood money and “pardon” the killer. In this case, the state is powerless to prosecute the killer.

Case B – “Parents and Grandparents will not be punished (by Hudood) for killing sons or grandsons.”- Shafi’i law # o.1.2.4 & Codified Islamic Law Vol 1-65B. [Hudood are Islamic laws stating the limits ordained by Allah and including the deterrent punishments for serious crimes]

It does not mention daughters or granddaughters but in essence, it applies to them too. This law was based on so-called Sahi Hadith (Prophet’s examples); see Sahi Ibn Majah Vol 4- 2661, 2662, Sahi Tirmiji 1404, 1405 & 1406:

 (1404) Sayyidina Suraqah ibn Maalik (RA) reported that he was present when Allah’s Messenger (SAW) made a son pay retaliation for killing his father, but he did not ask a father to pay retaliation for the murder of his son.

(1405) Sayyidina Umar ibn Khattab (RA), said that he heard Allah’s Messenger (SAW) say, “A father will not be killed for slaying his son.”

(1406) Sayyidina ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “The prescribed punishments are not carried out in mosques and a father is not killed for the slaying of his son.”

These man-made sharia laws and hadiths are the main tools of legitimizing violence in the name of Islam and are one of the main reasons of growing global Islamophobia. We Muslims must apply our right to reject those laws based on logic and human rights.

Application of these laws varies, but honor killers are hardly punished. This brutality is supported by some vote-seeking local politicians in Pakistan. From the Quran and the Prophet we can successfully defeat all kinds of oppression of women in the name of Islam except FGM and honor killings.

Unfortunately, I did not find enough support to defeat those from Islamic sources.

We have a long way to go. Education/enlightenment is the only key. The West cannot achieve sustainable peace leaving the Muslim world behind; we also cannot achieve sustainable peace leaving our women behind by oppressing them.

These man-made sharia laws and hadiths are the main tools of legitimizing violence in the name of Islam and are one of the main reasons of growing global Islamophobia. We Muslims must apply our right to reject those laws based on logic and human rights.

Application of these laws varies, but honor killers are hardly punished. This brutality is supported by some vote-seeking local politicians in Pakistan. From the Quran and the Prophet we can successfully defeat all kinds of oppression of women in the name of Islam except FGM and honor killings.

Unfortunately, I did not find enough support to defeat those from Islamic sources.

We have a long way to go. Education/enlightenment is the only key. The West cannot achieve sustainable peace leaving the Muslim world behind; we also cannot achieve sustainable peace leaving our women behind by oppressing them.

Egyptian Doctor on Trial for FGM Operation

female-genital-mutilationIn June of last year, a father and daughter arrived at a doctor’s office two hours north of Cairo. The father left his daughter, a cherub-faced girl of 13, in the custody of a doctor and a nurse.

 “The nurse took my daughter out of the operation room to a nearby room, along with three other girls whom the doctor was circumcising,” the father, a farmer, told the Egyptian daily Al-Masry Al-Youm. “I waited half an hour, hoping that my daughter would wake up, but, unfortunately, unlike the rest of the girls, she did not.”

The doctor, Raslan Fadl, who also circumcised another girl in the family, allegedly offered the family 20,000 Egyptian pounds – about $2,800 — to keep quiet about her death. But they wouldn’t. And a health inspector’s report appeared to confirm their suspicions: 13-year-old Suhair al-Bata’a had died of “a sharp drop in blood pressure resulting from shock trauma.”

“I want nothing but to hold the doctor accountable and to have justice for my daughter,” Suhair’s mother said at the time. Today, nearly one year after her daughter’s death, that may finally happen. In what outside observers are calling a landmark case, the doctor will stand trial today on charges of violating a 2008 ban on female genital mutilation, an entrenched practice that removes the clitoris.

Read the rest: Egyptian Doctor on Trial for FGM  
Here is Islamic doctrine about FGM:

Abu Hurayrah said: I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “The fitrah is five things – or five things are part of the fitrah – circumcision, shaving the pubes, trimming the moustache, cutting the nails and plucking the armpit hairs.” Bukhari 5891; Muslim 527
Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah: A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.  Abu Dawud 41:5251

And from the definitive Islamic sharia law manual:  e4.3 Circumcision is obligatory (for every male and female) by cutting off the piece of skin on the glans of the penis of the male, but circumcision of the female is by cutting out the clitoris (this is called Hufaad) Reliance of the Traveller: A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law

Egyptian Doctor Being Tried for FGM

egypt_fgm_unicef_spotA doctor in Egypt is set to stand trial on Thursday in relation to the female genital mutilation (FGM) of a child who died of complications. It is the first attempt to prosecute over a procedure banned in Egypt since 2008.

Thirteen-year-old Soheir al-Batea, from the small northern village of Diyarb Buqtaris, succumbed to an allergic reaction to penicillin on June 6, 2013, allegedly after being cut by Dr. Raslan Fadl, according to forensic reports seen by Equality Now, an international rights NGO that has pushed for the prosecution.

The teenager’s death has formed what is being seen as a test case on the issue in a country where four in five young women reportedly undergo the procedure, despite the ban.

Read the rest: Egyptian Doctor on Trial for Female Genital Mutilation Death.

Somali Teens Want FGM

Traditional surgeon holds razor blades before carrying out female genital mutilation on teenage girls in Bukwa districtThe 30 Somali teenagers – both boys and girls – all agreed: Female genital mutilation is harmful and the practice should be abandoned. But what they really meant, they revealed moments later, is that girls should have their genitalia cut – just not sewn shut.

“It’s our tradition and if the girls are not subjected to suna(cutting) she will not be accepted for marriage,” said Asthma Ibrahim Jabril, 17.

The students, who are part of an afterschool club in Somaliland which the U.N. children’s agency helps fund, discuss issues like child labor, early marriage, and female genital mutilation in a classroom with several large hearts scrawled along the walls.

UNICEF is weaving a delicate campaign to educate communities in Somaliland about the harms of female genital mutilation and to get leaders, who are meeting there this month to debate the practice, to denounce it. Child rights advocates in nearly 30 countries are fighting to reduce the number of girls subjected to the cutting of their genitalia, a practice that goes back thousands of years and that Somali practitioners often link to Islamic requirements.

Read the rest: Somali Teens Say They Want Female Genital Mutilation.

I can only cry for these poor girls who want to follow a custom that injures their health and mutilates their bodies to be accepted.  Islam has those things it allows (hallal) and those things it doesn’t allow (haram) according to its laws.  FGM is permitted but it is not obligatory.
http://www.alsiraj.net/English/misc/women/html/page18.html

Honor Diaries – the Film

Honor Diaries is the first film to break the silence on ‘honor violence’ against women and girls. Honor Diaries is more than a movie, it is a movement to save women and girls from human rights abuses – around the world and here in America.

Go to the website to learn more: Honor Diaries Website

 

British Doctor Accused of Performing FGM

fgm-uk-casesA doctor will go before medical watchdogs today accused of carrying out female genital mutilation on a patient.

Dr Sureshkumar Vallabhdas Pandya, who practises in London, is said to have undertook the procedure, sometimes called female circumcision, which has been outlawed in the UK for the past 28 years.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is carried out for cultural, religious and social reasons and some traditions believe it will reduce a woman’s libido and discourage sexual activity before marriage.

[ . . . ]

No one has ever been prosecuted for FGM in the UK. 

Dr Pandya, who will go before the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service sitting in Manchester later today, is also alleged to have provided inadequate pre and post operative care and his advice to the patient was misleading and dishonest.

Read the rest: Doctor in UK Accused of Female Genital Mutilation.

Is FGM Really a Crime in Britain?

Implements for female genital mutilation
A major inquiry has been launched into female genital mutilation to ‘get to the truth’ about why no-one has been convicted three decades after it was made illegal.

Parliament’s powerful Home Affairs Select Committee is to challenge ministers and the police over why charges have never been brought against ‘cutters’ or families who arrange the surgery.

Prosecutors claim they are close to bringing the first FGM court case since the law was changed in 1985.

NHS staff, teachers and social workers will also be grilled in Parliament about what more they could do to curb the practice.

Committee chairman Keith Vaz said: ‘It is astonishing that since FGM was made a crime in 1985 nobody has been prosecuted.

‘This is a concern both to the diaspora communities and also the NHS and it is important that light is cast on this practice and action is taken,’ he told the Evening Standard.

‘That is why this committee is launching an inquiry into FGM. We are keen to hear from any victims and those who have been affected by this practice.’

‘I am keen to hear from people about their experiences and the committee is prepared to take evidence from anyone so that we can get to the truth.’

The committee’s call for evidence will ask for information about how widespread FGM is and what more could be done to stop it.

Last month FGM campaigner Leyla Hussein was left in tears after an experiment intended to assess the impact of political correctness on the fight against cutting saw 19 people sign a fake pro-FGM petition within 30 minutes.

Read the rest: Major British Inquiry into Female Genital Mutilation

FGM Should Be Considered ‘Child Abuse’ Says British Report

fgm-is-child-abuseA new report is calling on medical professionals in England to take more of a hard-hitting role in putting an end to female genital mutilation (FGM).

Released by professional bodies representing midwives, nurses, gynecologists and obstetricians, a groundbreaking report is urging medical professionals to treat patients who have been subjected to FGM, or female circumcision, as child abuse victims.

“Even though FGM is child abuse, it has not been our priority because most people have felt that it’s a cultural thing and an exotic thing that people from different countries practice,” Janet Fyle, professional policy advisor at the Royal College of Midwives — which contributed to the report — told the Thompson Reuters Foundation. “Young girls turn up in accident and emergency at age 10 with (urinary) problems and nobody does anything, nobody asks what’s going on, and no one has been prosecuted.”

Despite the fact that FGM was banned in the UK in 1985, the practice is still prevalent there.
In 2007, an estimated 66,000 women in England and in Wales had undergone FGM and over 24,000 girls under 15 were potentially at risk, according to a study released by Forward, a charity that works to improve the quality of life of African women and girls.

Read the rest: Report Urges Reporting Female Genital Mutilation as Child Abuse

FGM in Kurdistan: a Documentary

female-circumcisionA young girl is given a plastic bag of sweets and a bottle of lemonade after being genitally mutilated … the story of the 10-year fight against female genital mutilation by two film-makers has been made into a hour long documentary by the Guardian and BBC Arabic and will go out across the Arab world from Friday, reaching a combined global audience of 30 million viewers.

It started out as a film about a practice that has afflicted tens of millions of women worldwide. It culminated in a change in the law.
Ten years after they embarked on a documentary to investigate the extent of female genital mutilation in Kurdistan (northern Iraq), two film-makers have found their work changing more than just opinions in a fiercely conservative part of the world. Partly as a result of the film, the numbers of girls being genitally mutilated in the villages and towns of Iraqi Kurdistan has fallen by more than half in the last five years.

The film-makers’ work began in 2003, shortly after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The stories they were told had a numbing consistency. In one scene in the documentary a young mother with her children sitting beside her tells Shara that in their village: “They would just grab the little girls, take them and cut them, and the girls came back home. I can still remember I was sick, infected for three months. I could barely walk after I was cut.”

A mullah tells the film-makers that “Khatana [the Kurdish term for FGM] is a duty; it is spiritually pure.” That is the position of the Shafi’i school of Sunni Islam that is practiced by Iraqi Kurds. It is the same branch of Islamic law that predominates in Egypt, where studies show that up to 80% of women have been mutilated. But FGM is not just confined to some Muslim countries in the Middle East – it is also widespread in parts of Africa and Indonesian. It pre-dates Islam or Christianity and is on record since the time of the Pharaoh.
“It is about controlling women’s sexuality and keeping them under control,” said Nadya Khalife, from Human Rights Watch.
There are an estimated 140 million girls and women worldwide living with the effects of FGM, the World Health Organization estimates.

Read the rest: New Documentary on FGM in Kurdistan.

See the documentary on You Tube here.